Learning about plants can give you more knowledge about the richness of nature on providing natural sources for the earth. There are a lot of unique plants that live on the earth. One of them is Strelitzia juncea. This plant has a unique shape and flower. Let’s learn more about this unique plant.
Overview of Strelitzia Juncea
Strelitzia Juncea is a kind of monocotyledonous plant. It originally comes from South Africa. Due to its unique shape and flower, people call this plant with rush-leaved strelitzia or crane flower. This plant can survive in dry soil. In its original place, it can be found in Patensie. It has long and cylindrical leave without any branches or trunks.
This plant can grow up to 2 meters tall. It has unique flowers which look like a fly bird with orange and yellow color. There are five species of Strelitzia that commonly found in South Africa. They are Strelitzia nicolai, Strelitzia alba, Strelitzia caudata, Strelitzia juncea, and Strelitzia reginae.
If you still can’t imagine the shape of the leaves, you can see the lemonade or rice. It has cylindrical leaves that grow long and seen like a bush plant. Strelitzia juncea has a low growth rate and takes years to see its flowers. You have to wait for three up to four years to see the look like bird-flower. Due to its unique shape, this plant also called the narrow-leaved bird of paradise. In one bud, there are five petals flowers in bright orange with a dark purple spear. This flower can be used for decorative purposes.
The name of this flower is given by the Sir Joseph Banks to respect Queen Sophia Charlotte. She is the Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The Juncea derives from the word Juncus. It is a Latin word which has the meaning of rush. It describes the plant appearances which has leaves like in the rush.
How to Grow Strelitzia Juncea
Unlike another plant, you need to grow the Strelitzia juncea from the seeds. The seed is covered by soft hair which has orange color on it. You can take off that hair and soak the seed on in the sulfuric acid for 5 minutes then rinse with clean water. Next, the clean seed is soaking in the ethephon solvent for regulating the growth process. You need to soak the seed in the ethephon solvent for two days in a row. After two days, you can take off the seeds and keep it in the place with a temperature 25 Celsius degree to grow the sprout.
If it is needed, you can protect the sprout from any predators by placing the net around the seeds’ place. The middle of the summer season is the best time to grow the Strelitzia juncea. Let the sprouts grow into small plants. Before you spread the seeds, you can dig the soil to loosen up the ground and pour some bone meal and compost for the nutrition of the plants.
If the seeds have grown into the plants, you can protect the soil by adding some mulch for protecting the soil and plants. This plant doesn’t require much water to live; however, you need to check the moisture and the plants by checking it regularly.
You can grow the Strelitzia juncea by dividing the roots and plant it in another media. Make sure that you give a good drainage system to the soil and layering the soil with the mulch. It takes two or three years for the new plants to have its flowers.
How to Care Strelitzia Juncea
Since Strelitzia Juncea doesn’t require a lot of water, you can water it once a week with enough water. Check the soil and don’t forget to fertilize the soil every year for the maintenance. This plant needs full sunlight for growing. It also needs a lot of mulch nutrition.
Strelitzia Juncea is an exotic plant which derives from South Africa. It has other names, such as bird of paradise and crane flower because of its unique flower-shaped. This plant used for decorative purposes. It doesn’t take much water to live. It is easy to plant and care.